Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Film Analysis: “Elizabeth: the Golden Age” Essay

Sovereign Elizabeth I was one of the most important, most examined and generally expounded on ruler in England, yet in Western history (Dobson and Watson 2; Rozett 103). She was the main ruler that students of history ascribed a whole time of English history after. The film â€Å"Elizabeth: the Golden Age† is a case of the Queen’s fame in writing. Albeit a significant part of the film had precisely delineated the life of the Queen regarding the motivation behind why the Elizabethan time of England was interchangeable to the time of harmony and flourishing, there were various inconsistencies between the data appeared in the film against information recovered from verifiable records. This paper would introduce these disparities just as a knowledge on Queen Elizabeth I’s see towards marriage and mental profile. The film â€Å"Elizabeth: the Golden Age† was set in the year 1565, when Spain was considered as the most impressive Empire in Western history and was under the standard of King Philip II. So as to accomplish his objective to spread the Catholic confidence across Europe, Philip II started what he considered as a sacred war. This war had permitted him to overcome all the European nations, with the exception of England which was still under the standard of a Protestant Queen, Elizabeth I. Despite the fact that not straightforwardly expressed, the film inferred that it was in the year 1585 that Philip II concluded the time had come to cleanse England from the grasp of the demon governed by a prostitute (â€Å"Elizabeth: the Golden Age†). The film delineated King Philip II plainly as somebody who very loathed Queen Elizabeth I completely. In any case, Campion and Holleran expressed that when Queen Elizabeth I climbed the seat in 1558, King Philip II in actuality proposed union with the Queen. In spite of the fact that she obligingly declined is proposition to be engaged, she acknowledged the counsel and insurance that King Philip II offered to her (2). Then, in a gathering with her political guides, Queen Elizabeth I was cautioned that her nation was presently separated by religion. Half of the nation was currently rehearsing the Catholic confidence with the other half rehearsing the Protestant confidence. They prescribed to the Queen that estimates must be taken against the English Catholics. This was on the grounds that her counselors saw the English adherents of the Catholic confidence as a danger to Elizabeth I’s rule as a result of two reasons. The first was that since they were rehearsing the Catholic, this implied they had aligned themselves with both the Pope and the realm of Spain, who has been considered in the film as England’s most noteworthy adversary. The second was that the Catholics not, at this point perceived Elizabeth I as their ruler. Or maybe, their devotion had moved to Mary Stuart, the Queen’s cousin and whom they viewed as the legitimate Queen-in-pausing. Sovereign Elizabeth I reacted to her counsels that she would not rebuff her kin on account of their strict convictions and guaranteed them that she had been informed that the individuals despite everything adored her as their Queen (â€Å"Elizabeth: the Golden Age†). The division in England, realized by strict convictions, had been a difficult that didn't happen during Queen Elizabeth I’s rule. Rather, this division was an issue that the Queen acquired from her ancestors, Mary Tudor and her dad, Henry VIII. As indicated by chronicled records, Henry VIII dismissed the ecclesiastical expert in 1534 and accepted the title of Supreme Head of the National Church. With the climb of Mary Tudor to the seat in 1553, she looked to accommodate the English Church with the Church of Rome. At first, Elizabeth I was viewed as moderate when it came to strict undertakings since she was increasingly worried in keeping her seat, keeping up the harmony and the advancement of the thriving of England. Besides, Elizabeth I herself acknowledged three distinct religions during her lifetime: Anglo-Catholic, Catholic, and Protestant. This was the reason she didn't consider the To be Catholics as a danger and avoided herself forcing serious disciplines. She did, in any case, energized strict consistency by setting a model. She had likewise constrained her subjects to relinquish their protection from the built up Church of England (Campion and Holleran 11-14; Cole 2; Taylor-Smither 63). Sir Francis Walsingham uncovered to Queen Elizabeth I in the film that a death plot called the â€Å"Enterprise of England† was found planned by the Spanish government. The plot included two militaries were arranged along the shorelines of Sussex and Norfolk. They were trusting that the request will help Mary Stuart to kill Elizabeth I and to put Mary Stuart on the seat of England. At the point when she found out about the death endeavor, Queen Elizabeth I went up against the represetatives of Philip II to England. This made the represetatives end their office in disfavor and to see her as the focal point of a worldwide Protestant scheme inducing a resistance both in the Netherlands and in France (Doran â€Å"Elizabeth I and Foreign Policy, 1558-1603† 8; â€Å"Elizabeth: the Golden Age†). Upon the disclosure of the death plot, Mary Stuart had provided the request to execute the death plot on the Queen. While she was in chapel, one of the supporters of the Enterprise of England figured out how to traverse the watchmen at the front of the congregation and attempted to execute the Queen with the utilization of a gun. In any case, the gun utilized was unarmed, and the Queen endure the death endeavor. The professional killer and different individuals from the Enterprise of England were caught, detained and tormented. Afterward, Sir Walsingham then faced Mary Stuart with respect to the death endeavor on the Queen and her inclusion to the plot. She was then introduced the requests she had offered out to the individuals from the Enterprise of England to continue with the death of the Queen. Mary Stuart was pursued for injustice and was executed by decapitating. It was simply after the execution of Mary Stuart that Sir Walsingham understood the genuine expectation of Spain. Through the execution of Mary Stuart who was both a Catholic and a partner of Spain, England gave Philip II motivation to take up arms against England (â€Å"Elizabeth: the Golden Age†). Despite the fact that this filled in as the peak of the whole film, it likewise contained the greater part of the errors on chronicled reports and records aside from Mary Stuart’s contribution in the death endeavor on the life of Queen Elizabeth I. This didn't come as an amazement since there have been various archives and abstract works where the occasions of the life of Queen Elizabeth I were re-organized. A case of this was the account made by Sir Walter Scott entitled Kenilworth where he changed the occasions so that Amy Robsart, the main spouse of Robert Dudley which happened in 1560 would harmonize with the diversion display at Kenilworth which happened in 1575 (Rozett 104). Mary Stuart, who was additionally referred to in history as Mary, Queen of Scots, turned into the Queen of Scotland after her introduction to the world in 1542. She wedded the Dauphin of France and turned into the Queen of France when he climbed the seat in 1559. Her rule as Queen of France was just fleeting, since her better half kicked the bucket a year later his climb to the seat. She at that point came back to Scotland to accept her place as the Queen of Scots upon the passing of her mom. Her succeeding relationships were met with such embarrassment. Of these relationships, the most shameful was her union with the Earl of Bothwell, who had been considered as the supposed killer of her subsequent spouse. Her union with the Earl of Bothwell came about to a national uprising where she was vanquished in 1567. She was then compelled to sign a report on the danger of death to renounce her seat and title of the Queen of Scotland. She attempted to recapture her title by raising another military which was additionally crushed. She at that point looked for security on her life in England and her cousin, Elizabeth I. Shocked by the activities done by the Scottish masters against her cousin, Elizabeth I ensured her cousin and kept her as a detainee (Campion and Holleran 2-3; Perry 145-46). Since the passing of Mary Tudor and Elizabeth I’s climb to the English seat, Mary Stuart had communicated openly her authentic case to the English seat since her mom was the oldest sister of Henry VIII, Elizabeth I’s father. Despite the fact that she was a detainee in England, she stayed to be a danger to Elizabeth I. At the point when reports were brought to Queen Elizabeth I’s consideration that her cousin was associated with death plots against her, Parliament moved for Mary Stuart’s execution. At first, Elizabeth I didn't consider this alternative since there was no proof that demonstrated the charges against Mary Stuart. That all changed upon when Sir Francis Walsingham found the death plot against the Queen called the Babington plot. To assemble proof in regards to the contribution of Mary Stuart on the plot, he requested Mary Stuart to be moved to a house where she could be all the more firmly checked and delegated another prison guard who was less thoughtful to Mary Stuart. Before long, Mary Stuart started to get news from Europe which were carried to her through waterproof bundles embedded in the bungholes of lager barrels. Obscure to Mary Stuart, Sir Walsingham had just captured these messages and had figured out how to disentangle them before Mary Stuart and her compatriots got them. It was here that Sir Walsingham found that the plotters of the death of the Queen were going by a rich and hopeful Catholic assistant named Anthony Babington and that there were sixty thousand Spanish and English warriors prepared to protect Mary after accepting her endorsement. She endorsed the death and her salvage recorded as a hard copy. Sir Walsingham introduced to Elizabeth I the headings and endorsement composed by Mary Stuart in her own penmanship as proof and confirmation of the claims made against

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Saying No in French

Saying No in French Saying no in French is simple. The main issue is browsing the numerous equivalents for no in French. Pick with care, on the grounds that the contrasts between articulations are nuanced. Figure out how to state the reciprocals ofâ no, no way, I dont think in this way, down with, and that's just the beginning. The Many Faces of Non in French non noThis is the essential, standard French word for no. Non, je naime pas skier.  No, I dont like to ski. ok non/ oh nonâ â oh noAh non and gracious non express disillusionment, as in God help us! or then again dang it! Ok non ! Ça ne marche pas !  Oh no! It doesnt work! non †¦Ã¢ â no to...Non is trailed by a thing to mean (say) no to or down with, particularly in fights and exhibitions: Non au CPE !  No to the First Job Contract! Different equivalent words for nonâ  absolument pasâ â absolutely notâ â â au contraireâ on the contraryâ â â aucun (problã ¨me, argent, etc.)â no (issue, cash, etc)â â â bien sã »r que nonâ â of course notâ â â certainement pasâ absolutely notâ â â des clous ! (natural) no way!â â â du toutâ not in the slightest degree Articulations With Non  â â je crois que non  I dont think soâ â â je ne dis pas nonâ I wouldnt state noâ â â mais nonâ obviously notâ â â moi nonâ not me, I dontâ â â nest-ce pas ? no? isn't that so? isnt it?â â â niet ! (recognizable) no way!â â â non merci - no thank youâ â â non et non ! completely not!â â â non plusâ not (that) eitherâ â â non que subjunctiveâ not that †¦Ã¢ â â ... ou non ? †¦ (are/will/do you action word) or not?â â â pas de (problã ¨me, temps, torment, etc)â no (issue, time, bread, etc.)â â â pas du toutâ not at allâ â â pas question ! (natural) no chance! not a chance!â â â pas tout faitâ not actually, not quiteâ â â que non ! in no way, shape or form!

Symbolism in Janus

4 Jonathan Whidden English 1900B Ian McAdam September 29th,2012 Symbolism in Janus â€Å"The bowl was only a bowl†. (Beattie 455) In the short story â€Å"Janus† essayist Anne Beattie utilizes a straightforward bowl to be the focal point of imagery in the story. The bowl can be deciphered to mean or represent a wide range of things. The bowl has a place with the hero of the story Andrea, a fruitful realtor who is hitched to her significant other of numerous years. It has been contended that the bowl represents everything from the existence that Andrea lives or the world that Andrea lives in.Though there are solid contentions for these contentions among numerous others, I accept the most grounded proof of what the bowl represents is a character or characteristics of a character that rehashes itself all through the story. This character isn't so adventitiously the title of the short story â€Å"Janus†. In the accompanying paper I will contend that the bowl represen ts an old god by the name of â€Å"Janus† and the entirety of his characteristics powers or qualities. Beattie utilizes the bowl to represent the entirety of the qualities of the antiquated god through the term of our hero Andrea.To start we should look at who this god was accepted to be so we can relate it to the story. â€Å"Janus is the Roman divine force of entryways and entryways, beginnings and endings, and henceforth spoke to with a twofold confronted head, each glancing in inverse areas. He was loved toward the start of the gather time, planting, marriage, birth, and different sorts of beginnings, particularly the beginnings of significant occasions in an individual's life. Janus additionally speaks to the change between crude life and human advancement, between the open country and the city, harmony and war, and the growing-up of youngsters. †(Janus) 4As referenced above, it is no incident that Beattie picked this title. The two faces Janus the god has is an i magery in itself, it represents double dealing as I decipher two-facedness as being tricky or as Beattie composes â€Å"tricked†. We will discover that Andrea herself, ends up being tricky and misdirected, she is deceived herself. Andrea likewise is additionally stuck between two distinctive life's as we come to learn. She is stuck in fresh starts and endings in her connections. Andrea appears to be uncertain or needs he boldness to choose which way she might want to take. Andrea's life had numerous entryways she could ave opened, sadly for Andrea, she remains on the doorstep. There are two significant elements of Andrea's life that the bowl has a significant influence in, her public activity and her expert life. We should start with Andrea's public activity. Andrea is hitched to her significant other of quite a long while. In spite of the fact that Andrea and her significant other have been together for a couple of years, they have no kids together. Andrea and her significan t other both have their own fruitful professions as Andrea is a realtor and her better half a stock merchant. For all the money related achievement they appreciate, their marriage was a long way from perfect.Both Andrea and her significant other are a great deal the same yet far off from one another. â€Å"They were both calm individuals intelligent, slow to make esteem decisions. † (Beattie 455) Their relationship is the place the imagery of bowl becomes an integral factor, the bowl was a blessing from a previous admirer of Andrea's. The bowl was really a blessing from a previous sweetheart. â€Å"She had first observed the bowl quite a long while prior, at a specialties reasonable she had visited half stealthily, with her darling. † (Beattie 456) Andrea concealed the birthplaces of the bowl from her better half which is proof of her two-facedness, â€Å"There were times where she needed to converse with her usband about the bowl. † (Beattie 455)The truth that Andrea has kept the starting points of bowl rom her better half is a case of her misleading. It additionally demonstrates a reluctance to relinquish the past. In the event that Andrea needed to free herself of the recollections of this previous relationship, would she not free herself everything being equal or recollections from the relationship? Rather she grows an undesirable connection to the bowl after some time, esteeming it over her relationship with her better half. Correspondences issues are only the beginning of the 4 issue with Andrea. Andrea isn't without blame, she shows an inclination to converse with her significant other about he bowl, anyway her dread and the results that could emerge out of it were more grounded. Entryways would be opened and shut, maybe she would need to relinquish the bowl, something she appears to be reluctant to do. Her relationship finished with her sweetheart due to her hesitation, her reluctance to begin something new and close the entryway o n her marriage. â€Å" Her sweetheart said that she was in every case too moderate also know what she truly loved.Why proceed with her life the manner in which it was? For what reason be questionable, he asked her. He had made the main push toward her. At the point when she would not choose in support of him, would not hange her life and come to him, he asked her what made her figure she could have it the two different ways. † (Bettie 456) Beattie gives us solid proof of the imagery of the bowl. Andrea's vocation is the other significant part of her life where the bowl enormously impacts her choices and contains increasingly solid proof of its imagery. As referenced, Andrea is a fruitful realtor. â€Å"(She had a truly productive year selling genuine estate.Word spread, and she had a bigger number of customers than she felt alright with. † (Beattie 455) Andrea utilized the bowl just as other â€Å"tricks† to help her in her vocation, or so she thought. At the po int when she believed that some imminent purchasers may be hound sweethearts, she would drop off her canine simultaneously she would put the bowl in the house that was available to be purchased. † It can be contended that there is nothing ethically amiss with these â€Å"tricks† that Andrea used to sell houses, I would concur. However the genuine trickery originates from the bowl itself. Andrea has permitted the bowl to assume praise for work she has done, permitting the bowl to bamboozle her.â€Å"She was certain that the bowl brought her luck†. (Beattie 455 Bids were regularly placed in on houses where she had shown the bowl. There is no proof at all to propose that the bowl impacts the offer of the house. There is no doubt that clients like the vibe of the bowl, some in any event, asking on where the bowl originated from. â€Å"Once Andrea got a call from a lady who had not placed in a proposal on a house she had demonstrated her. That bowl, she said-would it be conceivable to discover where the proprietors had purchased that 4 delightful bowl. Andrea imagined that she didn't have a clue what the lady was alluding to. † (Beattie 454)This is more proof of Andrea's two-facedness or duplicity, hostility expected or not, Andrea isn't ompletely fair with her customers. Tragically for Andrea, she permits the bowl to mislead her, persuading her that it is the explanation she closes such a significant number of houses. How could a bowl do this, â€Å"The bowl was only a bowl. † (Beattie 455) I do trust Beattie shifts the significance of the bowl all through the story. On occasion the bowl speaks to Andrea's life, how material things are the main things she esteems, it shows a reliance on material things due to her apathetic marriage. Different occasions the bowl speaks to her failure to settle on a choice or to relinquish her past relationship.It represents her dread of picking a way, picking an entryway, shutting connections and b eginning new. Andrea rather permits the bowl to direct her choices. As referenced above, contentions can and have be made for various implications . the bowl consistently comes back to its underlying foundations. It originated from a shrouded relationship, it is utilized to â€Å"trick† home purchasers. The bowl is a portrayal of a past relationship, one she had a chance to begin another existence with, yet she didn't. She is stuck in two entryways, two ways. There is no start or end for Andrea in light of the fact that she clearly does not have the mental fortitude or .The bowl speaks to the double dealing nature of Andrea, her guile her two connections. It misleads Andrea in persuading her that it is the explanation behind her prosperity. â€Å"The bowl was only a bowl†. (Beattie 455) All these models legitimately represent the characteristics or traits of the old god â€Å"Janus† Works Cited 1. Beattie, Ann. â€Å"Janus. † The Norton Introduction to Li terature. Ed. Allison Booth, Kelly J. Mays. New York: Norton, 2010. 453-456. 2. â€Å"Janus. † Encyclopedia Mythica. 2012. Reference book Mythica Online. 01 Oct. 2012 ;www. pantheon. organization/articles/j/janus. html;.

Friday, August 21, 2020

Notes on Security Over Personal Property

Prospectus X: SECURITY OVER PERSONAL PROPERTY Table of Contents 1. introduction4 1. 1The structure of security4 1. 2Reasons for taking security4 Saloman v A Saloman and Co [1897] AC 22, per Lord Macnaghten4 Re Lind [1915] 2 Ch 3454 1. 3What occurs during bankruptcy? 5 1. 3. 1Cases on PP Rule AD Rule6 Re Jeavons, ex p Mackay (1873) LR 8 Ch App 6436 *British Eagle v Cie Nationale Air France [1975] HL6 International Air Transport Association v Ansett Australia Holdings Ltd [2008] HCA 37 Belmont Park Investments Pty Ltd v BNY Corporate Trustee Services Ltd [2011] UKSC 387 2. Structure versus Substance *8 . 1Artificial transactions8 Re George Inglefield Ltd [1933] Ch 18 Re Curtain Dream Plc [1990] BCC 3419 Welsh Development Agency v Exfinco [1990] BCC 3939 Thai Chee Ken v Banque Paribas [1993] SGCA10 2. 2American legitimate authenticity and Article 910 3. Home loans and Charges10 3. 1Mortgages over close to home property10 Pacrim Investments Pte Ltd v Tan Mui Keow [2005] 1 SLR(R) 14110 3. 2Clogs on the value of redemption11 3. 2. 1Length of mtgage11 Knightsbridge Estates Ltd v Byrne [1939] Ch 441 (ECA)11 Fiscal Consultants Pte Ltd v Asia Commercial Finance Ltd (1981)11 3. 2. 2Collateral advantages11 Samuel v Jarrah Timber12 *Kreglinger v New Patagonia Meat (HL)12 * Citicorp Investment Bank (Singapore) Ltd v Wee Ah Kee [’97 SGCA]12 3. 3Identifying a charge13 3. 3. 1Charge versus Mtgage13 **Swiss Bank Corporation v Lloyds Bank [1982] AC 58413 3. 3. 2Right to take ownership =/= charge14 *Re Cosslett (Contractors) Ltd [1998] Ch 49514 3. 3. 3Charge must contain positive undertaking14 Flightline Ltd v Edwards [2003] CA14 3. 3. 4Direction to pay out of store =/= charge14 *Palmer v Carey [1926] AC 703 (PC from Aus)14 3. 3. 5Equitable set-off versus charge15 3. 4Capturing future assets15 *Tailby v Official Receiver (1888) 13 App Cas 523 Lord Macnaughten16 3. 5Charge-backs16 3. 6Trust Receipts distinguished16 3. 6. 1How it works16 3. 6. 2Deemed proceeding pledge16 3. 6 . 3Deemed trust? 17 *United Malayan Banking Corp Bhd v Lim Kang Seng [1994] SGHC17 3. 6. 4How is continues shared btw Bank and B? 17 4. Fixed and Floating Charges18 4. 1Definition of a gliding charge18 Illingworth v Houldsworth [1904] HL (Lord Macnaghten)18 *Re Yorkshire Woolcombers Association Ltd [1904]:18 *Dresdner Bank v Ho Mun-Tuke [’92, SGCA]19 4. 2â€Å"Dealing in the common course of business† (OCOB)19Re Borax [1901] 1 Ch 32719 Ashborder BV v Green Gas Power Ltd [2004] EWHC 151719 4. 3Crystallisation of skimming charges19 Re Brightlife [1987] Ch 20020 Re Woodroffes (Musical Instruments) Ltd [1986] Ch 36620 4. 3. 1Apparent agency20 4. 3. 2S 226(1A): a sparkle to the programmed/self-loader battle20 4. 4Distinguishing fixed and gliding charges20 4. 5The bankruptcy battleground21 *Agnew v Commissioner of Inland Revenue [2001] 2 AC 71021 *Re Spectrum Plus Ltd [2005] 2 AC 68021 4. 5. 1Expenses of liquidator21 Buchler v Talbot [2004] AC 298 (HL)21 5. Semi Security: Ti tle-based Devices22 5. Reservation of title (‘Romalpa clauses’)22 Re Bond Worth Ltd [1980] Ch 22822 *Aluminiuim Industrie Vassen BV v Romalpa Aluminum Ltd [1976] 1 WLR 67622 5. 1. 1New merchandise clauses23 Clough Mill Ltd v Martin [1985] 1 WLR 11123 *Borden (UK) Ltd v Scottish Forest Timber Products Ltd [1981] Ch 2523 Re Bond Worth Ltd [1980] Ch 22823 5. 1. 2Money continues clauses23 *E Pfeiffer Weinkellerei Weinenkauf GmbH v Arbuthnot Factors Ltd [1988] 1 WLR 15023 Associated Alloys Pty Ltd v CAN 001 452 106 Pty Ltd [2000] HCA 2524 5. 2Hire purchase24 5. 3Discounting receivables24 6. enrollment of charges25 6. Registrable charges25 6. 1. 1S 131 registration25 6. 1. 2When is a charge made? 26 6. 2Effect of enrollment and non-registration26 6. 2. 1No helpful knowledge26 Re Monolithic Co [1915] 1 Ch 64326 6. 2. 2Conclusive evidence26 6. 3Late Registration26 7. Need Rules27 7. 1Rules in general27 Joseph v Lyons (1884)27 Cheah v Equiticorp Finance Group Ltd [1992] 1 AC 472 27 7. 2Constructive notice27 Wilson v Kelland [1910] 2 Ch 30627 *Macmillan Inc v Bishopsgate Investment Trust plc (No 3) [1995] 1 WLR 978, 999-100528 7. 3Purchase cash (security) interests28 7. 4Tacking future advances29West v Williams [1899]29 7. 5Circularity30 8. Remedies30 8. 1General30 8. 1. 1What cures does Chgee have? 30 8. 1. 2How much notification must leaser give? 30 8. 1. 3Duty of care in picking receiver30 Gaskell v Gosling [1896] (Rigby LJ)30 8. 2Receivership31 Re Newdigate Colliery [1912]31 Airlines Airspares v Handley Page [1970] 1 Ch 19331 Medforth v. Blake [1999] 2 BCLC 221; [1999] 3 All ER 97 (CA)31 8. 3Judicial management31 8. 3. 1What occurs in the JM procedure? 32 Bristol Airport Plc v Powdrill [1990] Ch 74432 Electro Magnetic (S) Co v Development Bank of Singapore Ltd [1994] 1 SLR(R) 57432 . 3. 2Disposal forces of JM32 9. Bankruptcy clawback33 9. 1Unfair preferences33 Re M C Bacon Ltd [1990] BCC 7833 9. 2Undervalue transactions33 Hill v Spread Trustee Co Ltd [20 06] BCC 64634 9. 3Floating charges close insolvency34 Power v Sharp Investments [1993] BCC 60934 Re Yeovil Glove Company [1965] 1 Ch 14834 10. Change? 34 Focus obviously: * Non-possessory security: esp Mtgages and Charges * Title-based security| presentation The structure of security (see mindmap) Reasons for taking security * Main explanation: need over other unbound banks (U/Cs) *During indebtedness * Obvious favorable position * Also, a self improvement cure * Outside bankruptcy * Borrower (B) has increasingly impetus to reimburse * one might say, Secured Creditor (SC) is the best; however note that Parliament has mediated with a class of â€Å"Preferential Creditors† (P/C) Saloman v A Saloman and Co [1897] AC 22, per Lord Macnaghten * Salomon ran an organization to such an extent that there were a few U/Cs yet Salomon himself was the main S/C * HELD: Salomon’s security was legitimate, even it was totally shocking that the made sure about lender could clear aside al l cases of the company’s different leasers. Case shows that loan boss and borrower completely allowed to contract in any capacity they need. * Only exemption is in the event that they force stops up on the value of reclamation. * (Note: After this, Parliament made an uncommon classification of P/Cs) Re Lind [1915] 2 Ch 345| Facts| * Case concerned undeveloped security †present security over future resources * Son conceded leasers security over the reversionary enthusiasm for his mother’s bequest (which just emerges after mum’s demise) * Son became bankrupt †Mother bites the dust †Son released from chapter 11 | HELD| Security joins from the date of the security course of action (ie. hen S originally gave the security)| Reasoning| * When prop appears (ie. at the point when mother passed on) it is caught by the security, yet dated right back to when S previously gave security. * This is so despite the fact that prop fall in after liquidation! Prop is out of the hands of the trustee in insolvency. * S/Cs had need over other unbound banks. * Goode utilizes similarity of new brought into the world having the option to sue for wounds continued during birth. | Bankruptcy Act ss 76, 78 Companies Act s 269 Assets under security don't vest in outlet/OA (s 76(3) BA) * If a partnership has ALL benefits are secured by security, the vendor is weak and needs to sit by the sidelines until the made sure about loan boss, regularly representing a recipient, does the way toward dealing with the organization and managing the advantages in order to amplify resources for be repaid. What occurs during bankruptcy? * You can't exactly acknowledge security until you realize what befalls property in the indebtedness procedure: 1. Applicable event† happens †eg. goals to wrap up/request to court is passed 2. Trustee in chapter 11/outlet selected 3. No one (no official of the organization or individual) may discard the advantages without the ass ent of the trustee or vendor * Prior to indebtedness, regardless of whether individual is going to be bankrupt, resources are at free removal of Co/individual. * But 2 exemptions: (I) Insolvency clawback * certain pre-indebtedness dealings can be turned around. (ii) Anti-hardship rule (AD Rule) * custom-based law rule of open arrangement (starts in com-law; not found in indebtedness enactment) * If an instrument looks to move prop out or just produce results upon an individual’s chapter 11, it is commonly void. (see Syl 3) * One disparaged differentiation: * the award for a constrained period which lapses upon indebtedness = legitimate * the relinquishment of a full enthusiasm upon bankruptcy = invalid * Hard to perceive any reason why they are dealt with diff when impact is same. * Anti-hardship rule not equivalent to pari pasu rule (PP Rule) (as held in Belmont Park) * The pari pasu rule of conveyance is expressed in s. 00 of the organizations demonstration expresses that s ubject to the case of the particular leasers, the benefits of the wiped out individual are to be appropriated in the pari pasu or rateable. This is an enactment that can't be formed by the court. Cases on PP Rule AD Rule Re Jeavons, ex p Mackay (1873) LR 8 Ch App 643 * Facts: * J sold one B a patent for improving protection plates produce. * consequently B would pay J eminences of 15s per ton of plates delivered. * B likewise loaned J ? 12,500, and concurred that a large portion of J’s' eminences would go to taking care of that credit. It was additionally concurred that if J went wiped out, or made a course of action with lenders, B could keep all the sovereignties to fulfill the obligation * Held: The second piece of understanding incapable; Brown had a lien on one portion of the eminences just * Clear-cut penetrate of pari pasu and AD Rule both. *British Eagle v Cie Nationale Air France [1975] HL| Facts| * The case concerned the activity of IATA, a clearing house for carrie rs. Under the IATA course of action, ‘debts’ owed between individuals were not payable, yet were gotten off in the clearing framework; just the equalization was payable to or by IATA. English Eagle was owed a specific total via Air France; however at the general leve, BE was a Net Debtor Airline. * Following a wrapping up appeal, British Eagle

Saturday, August 15, 2020

Langdon, John

Langdon, John Langdon, John, 1741â€"1819, American political leader, b. Portsmouth, N.H. A prosperous merchant, Langdon was active in pre-Revolutionary activities. In 1775 he became a delegate to the Continental Congress, and in Nov., 1775, he accompanied Robert R. Livingston and Robert Treat Paine on an unsuccessful mission to win Canada to the patriot cause. In the Saratoga campaign (1777) he financed the New Hampshire militia under Gen. John Stark in the expedition against General Burgoyne, and he saw action himself at Bennington and Saratoga. After the war he was (1785â€"86, 1788â€"89) president (governor) of New Hampshire. Langdon was a delegate to the U.S. Constitutional Convention, and it was largely through his efforts that New Hampshire ratified the Constitution as the ninth state, thus making the instrument effective. As U.S. Senator (1789â€"1801) he aligned himself more and more with the Jeffersonians, but he declined national offices. Langdon was governor of New Hampshire from 1805 to 1809 and from 1810 to 1812. See biography by L. S. Mayo (1937, repr. 1970). The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. See more Encyclopedia articles on: U.S. History: Biographies

Friday, June 26, 2020

Emma - Reading response - 2200 Words

Emma - Reading response (Book Review Sample) Content: Name Institution Subject Date Emma Introduction Emma is a novel that was published for the first time in the year 1815 in the month of December. The novel is very iconic in pointing out the disadvantages and the adverse effects of the unconstructed romance. The book was written by Jane Austen and contains several characters that give the book its best description and narration. The book explored the concerns as well as the difficulties that the women in the area of Georgian-Regency England face in a very high comedy in the form of a book. The social aspects of the book are imperative in giving the book its fascinating taste for the readers. Within the story in the book, there are the key factors that it focuses on, like the big question that goes like who will marry whom and for what reason will make them have such decisions. In this article, I will address the theme of love, romance, and marriage as portrayed in the book, by the author Jane Austen, (Marso). Love and marriage are two main things that are majorly put into use in the book for the reasons of the social aspects of the society. The two themes have been used to bring about different roles in the society about different people. The love and romance between the women in the area where Emma lived have yielded many good and positive impacts in the way people in the region relate. For example, the value of the love between the individuals equipped Emma with the ability to be conscious of what is right for her around her. For this reason, she finds herself developing an active companion with the one of the lady friends in the locality. At the same time, she finds the best in being in the companionship with Miss Taylor, who went on to marry Mr. Weston. For this reason, she felt the loneliness afterward, following the marriage between Miss Taylor and Mr. Weston. It shows that the level of love that existed between them, as ladies was so strong and had a lot to bring about the strong ties between the individuals in the society, (Marso). Love, on the other hand, has been used by the author to show the level of seriousness with which people can take the issue of marriage and romance that can happen between the individuals in the society. For example, despite that fact that Emma was notably beautiful in the society, she did not have any reason for getting married. She lacked that particular urge to be married to a man, to provide her fortunes as per the book. If she sees no reason to get married, then it means the love she feels for the others are just but compassion towards them but does not have the romantic bit of it, (Austen). Marriage, on the other hand, was a tool that was used by many of the members of the society to assess the level of completeness of a person in the organization as expected by the other officers of the society. For example, the fact that everybody in the book, whose lives revolve around the Hartfield incline towards thinking of marriage at so me point. Without this, the characters are ever in the act of matchmaking, which is spearheaded by the one Emma. Marriage, therefore, has a role in uniting people, while giving them the chance to remain in a somewhat happy state for the rest of their lives. The matchmaking skills that Emma possesses are the actual examples of the value of the marriage aspects that the members of the society seen, (Austen). Marriage is a tool that communicates the importance of relationships that can raise the status of the partners. With this regard, marriage has been seen as the saviour to the diminishing female social and economic situation in the society. At that same time, unions were important in bringing people together for the purpose of socializing and creating new ties between people. For that matter, there are seen a lot of affiliations made between the different people in the society following the marriages that are considered in the plot if the story. Harriet, for example, is one of the people who became friends with Emma due to the wedding that existed between the Miss Taylor and her husband. The union created a lonely feeling in the heart of Emma that prompted her to develop the friendship with Harriet. The friendships, therefore, are seen to be as a result of the marriage that came in between the couple. Therefore, creating the new bonds between people is one of the things that marriage played a role in building in the novel Emma, (Marso). Additionally, Emma tried to prevent her friend, Harriet Smith for getting into a relationship with Mr. Martin but instead wanted her to give more attention to Mr. Elton, who also served as a vicar in the local church. It shows that through marriage, people were expected to consider some things that range from personal expectations to the societal views. These expectations in the wedding field prevented Emma from falling in love with the vicar, Mr. Elton, who in turn went away for the Hartfield area to some other place to fin d a wife. It was evident that in the book, marriage does not just occur because of the little love, but due to some other underlying factors. In the book, marriage is portrayed to be something that someone does not just get into when he does not have enough money. For the ladies, they were expected to choose wisely and keenly for the men who had the best qualities in the society, in terms of money and other desires that they wanted, (Marso, pg. 305-320) At some point, though, she is kind opposed to the fact that one should marry following the money prospects. She says in chapter fifteen that the wickedest thing to do is to marry for money purposes. She, thus, reservedly agreed to the fact that marriage should be due to the love between two people. It is one of the things she stressed to bring about the sanity in the society despite the expectations from the members of the community, (Marso 305-320). The protagonist is the idea that the romantic love between two people is the only wa y that someone can obtain the perfect match for marriage. As opposed to the societal expectations, though, she was able to impart these kinds of thoughts to the people around her to think in the same ways as she was. She primarily employed these skills in the much-known matchmaking skills that she used to help the people around her to emulate the same with regards to getting themselves, partners. For example, she used the skills to try and match Harriet to her husband as well as the one Jane Fairfax to marry Frank Churchill. The marriages are not only based on the financial and other expectations of the society but also match the needs of the single ladies. For this reason, the author assures the readers that the people she matched are rest assured of the financial security in the long run due to the choices of their marriage partners, (Austen). The issues above, as mentioned by the author in the book are so instrumental in determining the destiny if the people in the society. It br ought in the societal aspects of the marriage romantic love for being in the acceptable social status in the society. The romantic love is supposed to control the destiny of the people who are to get married, but at some point, the romance bit of the marriages comes in later in later in the wedding life. For this reason, the views of the protagonist are somewhat in line with the expectations of the society; that require the members to marry with the aim of getting the recognition due to the increased social status in the community, (Marso 305-320). In the book, the marriage is portrayed to be best when it exists between two people, especially a man who is older than the woman. She discussed the case of her brothers who married the women who were older than them. That was before her story began. In her whole story, she talked about the marriages that existed between the individuals, whereby a man was often older among the two partners in the couple. These views of the age difference s between the married partners are in line with the societal expectations and the overall views of the public about the marriage. The differences in the age limits are, thus, the evidence of the unselective nature of the people who can put up with the situations in the wedding that have a woman older than the man, which is contrary to the society expectations, (Marso, pg. 305-320) Additionally, the unions, on the other hand, are to happen after a courtship, after which the proposal was to follow. The courtship is a kind of a relation that the two would use to assess the possibilities of the marriage to work or not. It happens between the two young men and women to strengthen them for the marriage life, as far as the society expects them to act. That is also the period in which the partners were able to determine the suitability of the other partner regarding their personal needs and the needs of the society. These facts are much in line with the way people are expecting the marriage life to be. The new talks about the possibility of a woman being unable ...

Sunday, May 24, 2020

Essay on The American (Totalitarian) Democratic System

â€Å"The American dream, collectively thought to be the ability to advance one’s status in life through hard work and determination, is the central part of American culture and class definition,† theorizes economics professor and journalist Paul Krugman in an article in which he later attacked this mantra (Krugman par. 15). Whether or not his sentiments hold true to the people with the United States as a whole is difficult to measure, but more and more evidence has come forth within the past few decades that support an adjacent viewpoint. As much as this country â€Å"wants† to believe in the ability to someday achieve self-actualization fewer individuals are able to break past the barriers provided by their social class, such as education level†¦show more content†¦This form of government, more likely than not, is headed by the societal aristocrats, and all decisional power is left in the hands of the power group. Even though their rule requires no ele ctions nor the input and opinions of their constituents, the totalitarian claim to power is seen as legitimate in the eyes of the people. Every major social institution including education, media, and security forces are in government control, and are expected, but not mandated, to use these establishments to benefit the citizens’ welfare. A newly introduced concept of government, a totalitarian democracy, holds elections to establish political hierarchy yet governors rely on their own intuition instead of the voices of its constituents to determine what serves in the best interest of society (Browne 17). The elected officials may be impeached by a vote of the people and replaced with an individual presumed to be more competent, much like the republic system in place, but that summates the limited power of the citizens. The most rigid form of social class is considered to be the caste system, where social position is ascribed at birth instead of earned. Castes are not limited to stratify solely on the basis of economic standings or prestige, but may include categorizing based on gender and racial background (Browne 13). In relation to a totalitarian system,Show MoreRelatedUsage of Propaganda in Totalitarian Governments versus Democratic Governments1069 Words   |  5 PagesPropaganda is everywhere any human looks. It is the base of almost every government. But, seeing as how other governments are worse than the American government, it’s worse in other areas of the world. The role of propaganda in a totalitarian government is very important, especially when compared to a democratic type of government, mostly because democracies don’t usually want to control every aspect of life. Information or ideas that are spread by an organized group or government to influence peoplesRead MoreLiberal Democracy Vs. 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